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    NginX in Magento

    Apache is the most popular Web server and one of the most successful open-source projects of all time. Since April 1996, Apache has served more Web sites than any other Web server. Many of the world’s largest Web sites, including YouTube, Facebook, Wikipedia and Craigslist, use Apache to serve billions of page views per month. Over the years, Apache has proven itself to be a very stable, secure and configurable Web server. Although Apache is an excellent Web server, what if there were an alternative with the same functionality, a simpler configuration and better performance? That Web server exists, and it’s called Nginx.

    Nginx, pronounced “Engine X”, is a high-performance Web server and reverse proxy. It was created by Igor Sysoev for www.rambler.ru, Russia’s second-largest Web site. Rambler has used Nginx since summer 2004, and it’s currently serving about 500 million requests per day. Like Apache, Nginx is used by some of the largest Web sites in the US, including WordPress (#26), YouPorn (#27), Hulu and MochiMedia. As of May 2008, Nginx is the fourth-most-popular Web server, and it is currently serving more than two million Web sites. As it is only trailing behind Apache, IIS and GFE, it is effectively the second-most-popular Web server available for Linux.

    Why Use Nginx?

    Like Apache, Nginx has all the features you would expect from a leading Web server:

    • Static file serving.
    • SSL/TLS support.
    • Virtual hosts.
    • Reverse proxying.
    • Load balancing.
    • Compression.
    • Access controls.
    • URL rewriting.
    • Custom logging.
    • Server-side includes.
    • WebDAV.
    • FLV streaming.
    • FastCGI.

    Why It is Useful With Magento :

    We used AB (Apache benchmark) utility. We have checked how much pages each web-server generated during one minute, with 15 concurrent connections to the server. Servers configuration:

    Old Server: – Litespeed (version 4.0.12) – Dual CPU Quadcore Intel Xeon; – 6GB RAM, – 4xHDD 15000 rpm RAID 1+0

    New server: – NginX (version 0.7.65) – Single CPU DualCore Intel Xeon; – 2 GB RAM, – 1xHDD 7200 rpm.

    Results:

    Litespeed
    Benchmarking ***.com:
    Finished 672 requests
    NginX
    Benchmarking ***.com:
    Finished 2761 requests

    The results are really impressing. NginX performance is overhelming, even if the Litespeed server has much better hardware than NginX one.

    Thats why MagentoCommrece and Demo site moves to Nginx

    Detailed Results

    Results for LiteSpeed:

    Benchmarking ***.com (be patient)
    Finished 672 requests
    Server Software: LiteSpeed

    Server Hostname: ***.com
    Server Port: 80
    Document Path: /magento/
    Document Length: 23391 bytes
    Concurrency Level: 15
    Time taken for tests: 60.155 seconds
    Complete requests: 672
    Failed requests: 668
    (Connect: 0, Length: 668, Exceptions: 0)
    Write errors: 0
    Keep-Alive requests: 0
    Total transferred: 16052994 bytes
    HTML transferred: 15770426 bytes
    Requests per second: 11.20 [#/sec] (mean)
    Time per request: 1339.289 [ms] (mean)
    Time per request: 89.286 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
    Transfer rate: 261.27 [Kbytes/sec] received
    Connection Times (ms)
    min mean[+/-sd] median max
    Connect: 66 68 12.9 67 255
    Processing: 587 1251 412.8 1137 5233
    Waiting: 439 1092 401.4 986 5079
    Total: 825 1320 411.7 1204 5300
    Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
    50% 1204
    66% 1327
    75% 1429
    80% 1482
    90% 1781
    95% 2095
    98% 2465
    99% 2904
    100% 5300 (longest request)

    Results for NginX (Engine-X):

    Benchmarking  ***.com (be patient)
    Finished 2761 requests
    Server Software: nginx/0.7.65

    Server Hostname: ***.com
    Server Port: 80
    Document Path: /magento/
    Document Length: 24471 bytes
    Concurrency Level: 15
    Time taken for tests: 60.1140 seconds
    Complete requests: 2761
    Failed requests: 0
    Write errors: 0
    Keep-Alive requests: 0
    Total transferred: 68512771 bytes
    HTML transferred: 67680271 bytes
    Requests per second: 46.02 [#/sec] (mean)
    Time per request: 325.975 [ms] (mean)
    Time per request: 21.732 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests)
    Transfer rate: 1115.10 [Kbytes/sec] received
    Connection Times (ms)
    min mean[+/-sd] median max
    Connect: 30 74 30.2 69 153
    Processing: 183 250 30.4 255 347
    Waiting: 30 75 9.7 77 91
    Total: 225 324 10.1 324 378
    Percentage of the requests served within a certain time (ms)
    50% 324
    66% 327
    75% 335
    80% 335
    90% 335
    95% 336
    98% 338
    99% 346
    100% 378 (longest request)

    Related Links :

    1 – http://webkul.com/magento-tutorial

    2- http://webkul.com/magento-tutorial/magento

    3 – http://webkul.com/magento-tutorial/nginx-in-magento

    4 – http://webkul.com/magento-tutorial/magento-in-localhost

    5 – http://webkul.com/magento-tutorial/how-to-import-csv-into-magento

    6 – http://webkul.com/magento-tutorial/method-varien-object-tostring-cannot-take-arguments-in-magento

    . . .

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