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Shell/Bash Script to Install Magento 2

It is easy to customize things according to your need. So if you are still installing the Magento by typing commands on your terminal it’s time to quit this process.
You can write your own shell script which will allow you to install your Magento just by running a single command on your terminal.

Using this script you can create your Database, install your Magento with sample data. The only thing is required you must have a Magento Store account to download the files from Magento using composer.

Steps are as follows-
1) Write a script
2) The next thing we have to do is give the shell permission to execute your script. This is done with the chmod command as follows: chmod 755 scriptName.sh
3) Now you need to run your script using the command- ./scriptName.sh

Please find the script below-

#!/bin/bash
# color coding.
red=`tput setaf 1`
green=`tput setaf 2`
yellow=`tput setaf 3`
cyan=`tput setaf 6`
reset=`tput sgr0`
bg=`tput setab 7`

# All Required Variables
db_user=root
db_password=webkul
email=john@doe.com

#Creating Database
echo "Creating Database..........."
echo "${cyan}Enter Your DataBase name I'll create your DB${reset}"
read db_name

# DB existance check
db_exists=$(mysql -u $db_user -p$db_password -e "SHOW DATABASES LIKE '"$db_name"';" | grep "$db_name" > /dev/null; echo "$?")
if [ $db_exists -eq 0 ];then
    echo "${red}${bg}A database with the name $db_name already exists${reset}"
    exit
else
     echo "${yellow}Creating database $db_name.${reset}"
fi

mysql -u $db_user -p$db_password -e "create database $db_name;"
echo "${green} Database $db_name created${reset}"
sleep 1

#Install Magento
echo "${yellow}Installing Magento...........${reset}"
composer create-project --repository-url=https://repo.magento.com/ magento/project-community-edition
sleep 1

#Rename donloaded folder name (change required)
echo "${cyan}Enter your magento name${reset}"
read magento_directory
echo "${yellow}Magento name is $magento_directory ${reset}"
mv project-community-edition $magento_directory

#Go inside your folder (change required)
cd $magento_directory

#Give permissions
echo "${yellow}Giving permissions........${reset}"
find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;
find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;

#Install Magento
echo "${yellow}Installing Magento........${reset}"
php bin/magento setup:install --base-url=http://localhost/$magento_directory/ --db-host=localhost --db-name=$db_name --db-user=$db_user --db-password=$db_password --admin-firstname=admin --admin-lastname=admin --admin-email=$email --admin-user=admin --admin-password=admin123 --language=en_US --currency=USD --timezone=America/Chicago --use-rewrites=1

#Installing sample data
echo "${yellow}Installing sample data and updating magento.......${reset}"
php bin/magento sampledata:deploy; php bin/magento setup:upgrade; php bin/magento setup:di:compile; php bin/magento setup:static-content:deploy; php bin/magento cache:clean; php bin/magento indexer:reindex; php bin/magento cache:flush

# User input to edit backend URL
echo "${cyan}Do you want to edit your backend url? yes/no${reset}"
read backend_url
if [ "$backend_url" = yes -o y -o Yes -o Y ]; then
    admin_url=$(grep -E "admin_+" app/etc/env.php)
    sed -i "s/$admin_url/'frontName' => 'admin',/g" app/etc/env.php
    echo "${green}Backend url has been set. Your Magento is ready to use now...) ${reset}"
else
    echo "${green}Your Magento is ready to use now...) ${reset}"
fi

Please update some values in the script before running it. Like- I have set dummy DB username (db_user) and DB password (db_password). Some Magento related data are already set like – base URL, Db host, admin first name, last name,  email id, password etc which are required for the Magento installation.

You can add validations to your script and do required changes according to your need. Hope it will help you.

Thank You! 🙂

. . .

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