- PWA Studio by Adobe Commerce
Magento 2 Company ? Read More
It’s the default plain usage of JS for developing the website. We suggest not to develop a complex website using Vanilla JS.
Magento 2 is a detailed high-end eCommerce platform with a complex interconnected structure. Thus, Vanilla JS should not be your choice for a headless Magento 2.
Problem Statement in using Vanilla JS
Vanilla JS does not provide a way to bind HTML and JS automatically. To avoid page refresh like a monolithic Magento website it needs a lot of extra development.
So, it’s complex to manage the limitations of Vanilla JS in developing a Magento 2 headless website.
JavaScipt Frameworks overcome the complexity of Vanilla JS by providing ways to automatically bind the HTML and JS.
What is Headless Development?
Majorly Magento 2 websites are monolithic with coupled front end and backend.
Headless Magento 2 websites are decoupled. It means the frontend and backend are decoupled.
In this, the Magento 2 headless front end communicates with the backend via Rest APIs or GraphQLs.
Why do you need a Headless Magento 2?
Magento 2 majorly uses a monolithic architecture where the frontend and backend are tightly coupled.
However, in headless, it’s not like that. To understand more we can break this into parts:
Decoupled frontend and backend: It allows you to develop and manage the front end separately without affecting the backend. Hence, you can get your Magento’s front-end theme customized without affecting the backend.
Inheriting the Frameworks benefits: We have categorized the benefits in the below points:
→Faster UI for the front end users
→Minimal page refresh for better UX
→Easy to manage
→Efficient scope of API and GraphQL based connectivity for dynamic data exchange
React.js is one of the frameworks with the highest star on GitHub.
Create React App(CRA): It’s the default CLI for React.js and used for React-based development.
React.js does client-side rendering (CSR). Rendering takes place on the client-side after the HTML skeleton loads.
Magento Website Development using React.js
The Magento is a package with a high-level interconnection of entities. Magento is majorly dynamic in nature. We can do Magento headless website development using React.js to meet the dynamic interaction need.
React.js default CLI, CRA is highly preferable if you would like to develop a separate seller portal for your Magento 2 marketplace website like Amazon with a Seller Central.
Moreover, the React.js Open Source Community is vast. React.js is a very good choice for an eCommerce platform like Magento, for website development which also has its own huge Magento Community.
To evidence the above statement we can see that the Next.js GitHub star is increasing day by day. The GitHub star states that this framework will highly compete for choice when we do React.js vs Next.js.
For its usability option over default React and its default CLI, CRA with its own architecture.
Next.js does server-side rendering (SSR) which means when a Next.js build website page URL hits then it requests the server and then the server renders the HTML page and sends it back to the user.
Apart from the general highlighted behaviour, Next.js can also develop website pages that can work on a static site builder approach just like the Gatsby framework.
Magento Website Development using Next.js
High flexibility and scope allow Magento headless website development using Next.js.
The Magento CMS pages can be opted to be developed by Next.js static generation approach like Gatsby to save the server request.
The highly interactive pages like Magento Cart Page, Magento Checkout Page, etc can be opted to be developed using the general Nexj.js SSR approach.
We can use Next.js for client-side rendering also. In addition, it allows you to create some parts(components) of pages rendered at client-side JS like React.js.
Next.js is highly preferred for good SEO as it brings the whole rendered HTML from the server-side. Further, this allows search engine crawlers to go through the complete page and its content properly.
If we check Gatsby on GitHub then it has a very good number of GitHub Stars.
Gatsby is a static site generator. In Gatsby, pages are pre-built and the pages are quickly sent to the client(browser) via any static data serving tool like CDN, S3, etc.
The rendering is done when a page is created and then the rendered HTML is saved as a static page on a CDN, S3, etc.
When a Gatsby page is hit then it does not request the server and due to this Gatsby has an ultra-fast response for serving a web page.
Gatsby used React for the template, CSS for styling, and GraphQL for data.
Magento Website Development using Gatsby
One of the reasons to get a headless website is to have a fast front end. When we do Magento headless website development using Gatsby then the website inherits the framework’s merits.
As you now know in Gatsby, statically rendered pages are brought via CDN, S3, etc. So there is no server request for delivering the HTML page when you request a page.
This makes Gatsby a great choice for a highly fast Magento headless website.
Since the Magento headless pages are delivered as static HTML via CDN, minimizing the risk of a security breach. This adds one more layer of shield to Magento security.
Vue.js is for developing client-side applications. It focuses on client-side rendering where it uses the HTML and main JS to render the data on the client-side.
Vue.js can also do server-side rendering. As a result, it can render the HTML at the server-side bringing it to the browser and hydrating the static HTML for dynamic client interaction.
Even if we want to develop a whole website or business logic then we can develop it via Vue.js with the help of its core, router, and Vuex(for state management).
These files are a set of CSS + HTML + JS for developing a reusable component or page or a whole project. We may select a file structuring method on the basis of the application or website which we want to develop.
Further, we can break a page into several components and make them work with their own defined scope of interaction.
Vue.js is reactive. Here, by reactive we mean if data is changed then Vue updates the HTML accordingly everywhere that data is bound in the backend.
By using Vue CLI we can create Vue projects easily for faster and easier development.
Magento Website Development using Vue.js
High reactivity and component-based development go with the Magento Website Development using Vue.js.
The enhanced client-side rendering using VirtualDOM nested architecture provides high reactivity. Therefore, keeping SEO and data interactivity sorted.
Along with this, you have the scope of server-side rendering too so this flexibility of architecture allows us to use Vue.js for the development of Magento 2 websites.
Due to ease of development Vue.js is one the most popular frameworks for Magento 2 website development.
PWA Studio is a package of tools offering the development of headless PWA for Magento 2. Further, it’s offered and managed directly by Adobe Commerce.
PWA Studio is majorly used for the Magento 2 Headless PWA development. Companies like Webkul offer the development of headless PWAs for their Magento 2 customers.
PWA Studio Architecture
PWA Studio framework uses React for its front end.
Also, the use of GraphQL makes PWA Studio a fast framework for the development of headless desktop and mobile PWA for Magento 2.
PWA Studio combines the progressive web app with headless architecture so we get benefits of both. PWA Studio does client-side caching to serve the HTML and previously rendered data.
It renders the data at runtime when there is any update in data. This caching feature allows an offline feature where users can check the previously visited page even without any server request.
For instance, even if an app is closed push notifications are delivered utilizing the service worker independent processing.
Magento PWA Development using PWA Studio
Firstly, the PWA Studio is a solution from Adobe Commerce Developer. Further, the Magento 2 is from Adobe so it makes PWA Studio a trusted framework package for Magento 2 Headless PWA development.
The default Venia UI and default Magento GraphQL set which comes with the PWA Studio package allow you to quickly start the development.
Lastly, using the PWA Studio we can develop desktop and mobile PWA for Magento 2 which has an offline mode for a greater user experience.
If you want to develop or convert your Magento 2 into a headless Magento 2 website to offer your users a high performing website then send your requirement to [email protected]